Becoming a parent can be challenging, so the NSPCC has put together some advice to help you bond with your baby, cope with tantrums and help them sleep.
Crying is how your baby communicates. It might mean they’re too hot or cold, hungry, windy, have a full nappy or just need some attention.
If you don’t know the cause try and calm them by:
• Baby massage
• Going for a walk
This is how toddlers test their boundaries. If you can’t find a reason, such as being hungry or tired, try:
• Distracting them with an activity
• Drawing their attention to something else
• Telling them you know how they feel if they’re angry
By three months babies are responsive to sleep cues so introduce them early with a short routine so your baby knows it’s time to sleep:
• Run a bath
• Read them a story
• Try separating the bedtime feed from your routine
• Put your baby to bed drowsy but not fully asleep – falling asleep on their own means they’re more likely to settle themselves in the night
• Keep daytime naps regular but from nine months avoid them late afternoon
Photography by Tom Hull. The children pictured are volunteers. Registered charity England and Wales 216401 Scotland SC037717